How to reupholster a chair

January 3, 2010

This month Nicky Sherwood tries out a beginner’s upholstery course at Les Tuileries, an interior design studio in Dorking offering a range of  craft, interiors and fashion workshops. She learns how to reupholster a chair armed with a tired looking old find from ebay and some beautiful linen fabric from Sarah Hardaker (listed in our directory here)

sarah hardaker star fabric sarah hardaker star fabric

Upholstery is something I’ve always wanted to have a go at. While rummaging at car boot sales and junk shops, I’ve often spied skeletal chair frames with great potential and wondered what it would take to restore them to their former glory. Up until now my upholstering skills have been limited to a chunk of foam and a staple gun, so I was very keen to learn the traditional craft of webbing a seat cushion. I saw this child’s rocking chair on ebay. It’s in serious need of some TLC, cost very little and I decided this would be my project.


how to upholster a rocking chair

I arrived at the studio just as Simon was giving a demonstration of the tools that we would be using. There’s something exciting about being introduced to the tools of a new craft – a promise of discoveries to come (or maybe I’m just odd!). I love the kind of old tools and machinery that you find in antique shops, worn down by years of hard graft. They’re somehow more honest and real than the plasticky computers and keyboards of modern day life.

how to upholster a chairhow to upholster a chair

Stripping off the old fabric and webbing the seat base

Before we could get started, I first had to strip the old leatherette fabric off my chair. Then it was time to start webbing the seat base – the first of what I soon discovered would be many layers. The first strip of webbing is tacked onto the chair frame and pulled taught using a wooden web stretcher, before the other strips are added and woven in an interlaced pattern.

how to upholster a chair

Adding a layer of hessian

On top of the webbing, we tacked a layer of hessian which helps to support the stuffing. After that we sewed stuffing ties into the hessian, leaving large open loops to accommodate the stuffing layer which would come next.

how to upholster a chair

how to upholster a chair

Adding the layers of stuffing

The stuffing, which is made of hair or fibre, was rolled into balls and placed under the ties until it was quite firm and secure. A layer of lighter weight hessian was then laid over the stuffing, tacked to the chair frame and trimmed (this is layer number four).

how to upholster a chair

Next we used nylon twine to stitch through the hessian and stuffing and pull it down to create a firm base. On top of this we added a fine layer of pig hair for extra softness, followed by a layer of cotton felt, and then a layer of skin wadding to give a smooth finish (layer number seven!).

how to upholster a chair

how to upholster a chairhow to upholster a chair

how to upholster a chair

how to upholster a chair

Lunch and calico

It’s surprisingly physical work so we were glad to sit down to a delicious lunch of cold meats, warm tarts and homemade salads, accompanied by a much needed glass of wine. Suitably refreshed, we headed back to our workstations to tackle the final stages of our transformations. The eighth and penultimate layer is the calico, which is pulled taught and secured with tacks.

how to upholster a chair

how to upholster a chair

Starry fabric

Then it was time for the final fabric layer to be applied. This beautiful starry linen is designed in England, woven in Scotland and printed in Wales; and was very kindly donated by Cotswolds based fabric designer Sarah Hardaker, from her new collection of children’s fabrics and wallcoverings. Using temporary tacks, we stretched the fabric into place, pulling it firmly in both directions to ensure a smooth finish, before tacking it onto the frame, using ‘invisible’ white tacks.

how to upholster a chair

After nine layers of material and stuffing, we could finally stand back and admire our very professional looking, and totally transformed chairs.


how to upholster a chair

Upholstery Course

Behold the before and the after… The final test was whether my three year old son would approve of his revamped rocking chair. With squeals of delight he launched himself into it like a rocket and declared it his favourite chair in the whole world. Well, who am I to argue with that kind of expert opinion?


Sarah Hardaker is listed in the From Britain with Love directory

Get all the info you need to connect with Sarah Hardaker from the listing >>

Feeling inspired? Take a look at the Creative Workshops category in our Directory, where you’ll find a variety of inspiring courses, from art and crafts to fashion and beautyinteriorscooking and flower & gardening.

If you run a creative course that would interest our readers, please get in touch. Email us at

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how to upholster a chair

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